Authors: R. B. Bird, W. E. Stewart, and E. N. Lightfoot

Edition: Revised 2nd Edition

Pages: 905

Publisher: Copyright © 2007 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

ISBN: 978-0-470-11539-8

Printed in the United States of America

Amazon.com: Page

Appendix A.1 | Appendix A.2 | Appendix A.3 | Appendix A.4 | Appendix A.5 | Appendix A.6 | Appendix A.7 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Exercise 1 | Solution | Exercise 1 | Solution | Exercise 1 | Solution | Exercise 1 | Solution | Exercise 1 | Solution | Exercise 1 | Solution | Exercise 1 | Solution |

Exercise 2 | Solution | Exercise 2 | Solution | Exercise 2 | Solution | Exercise 2 | Solution | Exercise 2 | Solution | Exercise 2 | Solution | Exercise 2 | Solution |

Exercise 3 | Solution | Exercise 3 | Solution | Exercise 3 | Solution | Exercise 3 | Solution | Exercise 3 | Solution | Exercise 3 | Solution | |

Exercise 4 | Solution | Exercise 4 | Solution | Exercise 4 | Solution | Exercise 4 | Solution | Exercise 4 | Solution | Exercise 4 | Solution | |

Exercise 5 | Solution | Exercise 5 | Solution | Exercise 5 | Solution | Exercise 5 | Solution | Exercise 5 | Solution | ||

Exercise 6 | Solution | Exercise 6 | Solution | Exercise 6 | Solution | ||||

Exercise 7 | Solution | Exercise 7 | Solution | |||||

Exercise 8 | Solution | ||||||

Exercise 9 | Solution | ||||||

Exercise 10 | Solution |

Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 |
---|---|

Problem 1A.1 | Solution: Estimation of dense-gas viscosity | Problem 2A.1 | Solution: Thickness of a falling film |

Problem 1A.2 | Solution: Estimation of the viscosity of methyl fluoride | Problem 2A.2 | Solution: Determination of capillary radius by flow measurement |

Problem 1A.3 | Solution: Computation of the viscosities of gases at low density | Problem 2A.3 | Solution: Volume flow rate through an annulus |

Problem 1A.4 | Solution: Gas-mixture viscosities at low density | Problem 2A.4 | Solution: Loss of catalyst particles in stack gas |

Problem 1A.5 | Solution: Viscosities of chlorine-air mixtures at low density | Problem 2B.1 | Solution: Different choice of coordinates for the falling film problem |

Problem 1A.6 | Solution: Estimation of liquid viscosity | Problem 2B.2 | Solution: Alternate procedure for solving flow problems |

Problem 1A.7 | Solution: Molecular velocity and mean free path | Problem 2B.3 | Solution: Laminar flow in a narrow slit |

Problem 1B.1 | Solution: Velocity profiles and the stress components | Problem 2B.4 | Solution: Laminar slit flow with a moving wall ("plane Couette flow") |

Problem 1B.2 | Solution: A fluid in a state of rigid rotation | Problem 2B.5 | Solution: Interrelation of slit and annulus formulas |

Problem 1B.3 | Solution: Viscosity of suspensions | Problem 2B.6 | Solution: Flow of a film on the outside of a circular tube |

Problem 1C.1 | Solution: Some consequences of the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution | Problem 2B.7 | Solution: Annular flow with inner cylinder moving axially |

Problem 1C.2 | Solution: The wall collision frequency | Problem 2B.8 | Solution: Analysis of a capillary flowmeter |

Problem 1C.3 | Solution: Pressure of an ideal gas | Problem 2B.9 | Solution: Low-density phenomena in compressible tube flow |

Problem 1D.1 | Solution: Uniform rotation of a fluid | Problem 2B.10 | Solution: Incompressible flow in a slightly tapered tube |

Problem 1D.2 | Solution: Force on a surface of arbitrary orientation | Problem 2B.11 | Solution: The cone-and-plate viscometer |

Problem 2B.12 | Solution: Flow of a fluid in a network of tubes | |

Problem 2C.1 | Solution: Performance of an electric dust collector | |

Problem 2C.2 | Solution: Residence time distribution in tube flow | |

Problem 2C.3 | Solution: Velocity distribution in a tube | |

Problem 2C.4 | Solution: Falling-cylinder viscometer | |

Problem 2C.5 | Solution: Falling film on a conical surface | |

Problem 2C.6 | Solution: Rotating cone pump | |

Problem 2C.7 | Solution: A simple rate-of-climb indicator | |

Problem 2D.1 | Solution: Rolling-ball viscometer | |

Problem 2D.2 | Solution: Drainage of liquids |

Chapter 3 | Chapter 4 |
---|---|

Problem 3A.1 | Solution: Torque required to turn a friction bearing | Problem 4A.1 | Solution: Time for attainment of steady state in tube flow |

Problem 3A.2 | Solution: Friction loss in bearings | Problem 4A.2 | Solution: Velocity near a moving sphere |

Problem 3A.3 | Solution: Effect of altitude on air pressure | Problem 4A.3 | Solution: Construction of streamlines for the potential around a cylinder |

Problem 3A.4 | Solution: Viscosity determination with a rotating-cylinder viscometer | Problem 4A.4 | Solution: Comparison of exact and approximate profiles for flow along a flat plate |

Problem 3A.5 | Solution: Fabrication of a parabolic mirror | Problem 4A.5 | Solution: Numerical demonstration of the von Kármán momentum balance |

Problem 3A.6 | Solution: Scale-up of an agitated tank | Problem 4A.6 | Solution: Use of boundary-layer formulas |

Problem 3A.7 | Solution: Air entrainment in a draining tank | Problem 4A.7 | Solution: Entrance flow in conduits |

Problem 3B.1 | Solution: Flow between coaxial cylinders and concentric spheres | Problem 4B.1 | Solution: Flow of a fluid with a suddenly applied constant wall stress |

Problem 3B.2 | Solution: Laminar flow in a triangular duct | Problem 4B.2 | Solution: Flow near a wall suddenly set in motion (approximate solution) |

Problem 3B.3 | Solution: Laminar flow in a square duct | Problem 4B.3 | Solution: Creeping flow around a spherical bubble |

Problem 3B.4 | Solution: Creeping flow between two concentric spheres | Problem 4B.4 | Solution: Use of the vorticity equation |

Problem 3B.5 | Solution: Parallel-disk viscometer | Problem 4B.5 | Solution: Steady potential flow around a stationary sphere |

Problem 3B.6 | Solution: Circulating axial flow in an annulus | Problem 4B.6 | Solution: Potential flow near a stagnation point |

Problem 3B.7 | Solution: Momentum fluxes for creeping flow into a slot | Problem 4B.7 | Solution: Vortex flow |

Problem 3B.8 | Solution: Velocity distribution for creeping flow toward a slot | Problem 4B.8 | Solution: The flow field about a line source |

Problem 3B.9 | Solution: Slow transverse flow around a cylinder | Problem 4B.9 | Solution: Checking solutions to unsteady flow problems |

Problem 3B.10 | Solution: Radial flow between parallel disks | Problem 4C.1 | Solution: Laminar entrance flow in a slit |

Problem 3B.11 | Solution: Radial flow between two coaxial cylinders | Problem 4C.2 | Solution: Torsional oscillatory viscometer |

Problem 3B.12 | Solution: Pressure distribution in incompressible fluids | Problem 4C.3 | Solution: Darcy's equation for flow through porous media |

Problem 3B.13 | Solution: Flow of a fluid through a sudden contraction | Problem 4C.4 | Solution: Radial flow through a porous medium |

Problem 3B.14 | Solution: Torricelli's equation for efflux from a tank | Problem 4D.1 | Solution: Flow near an oscillating wall |

Problem 3B.15 | Solution: Shape of free surface in tangential annular flow | Problem 4D.2 | Solution: Start-up of laminar flow in a circular tube |

Problem 3B.16 | Solution: Flow in a slit with uniform cross flow | Problem 4D.3 | Solution: Flows in the disk-and-tube system |

Problem 3C.1 | Solution: Parallel-disk compression viscometer | Problem 4D.4 | Solution: Unsteady annular flows |

Problem 3C.2 | Solution: Normal stresses at solid surfaces for compressible fluids | Problem 4D.5 | Solution: Stream functions for three-dimensional flow |

Problem 3C.3 | Solution: Deformation of a fluid line | |

Problem 3C.4 | Solution: Alternative methods of solving the Couette viscometer problem by use of angular momentum concepts | |

Problem 3C.5 | Solution: Two-phase interfacial boundary conditions | |

Problem 3D.1 | Solution: Derivation of the equations of change by integral theorems | |

Problem 3D.2 | Solution: The equation of change for vorticity | |

Problem 3D.3 | Solution: Alternate form of the equation of motion |

Chapter 5 | Chapter 6 |
---|---|

Problem 5A.1 | Solution: Pressure drop needed for laminar-turbulent transition | Problem 6A.1 | Solution: Pressure drop required for a pipe with fittings |

Problem 5A.2 | Solution: Velocity distribution in turbulent pipe flow | Problem 6A.2 | Solution: Pressure difference required for flow in pipe with elevation change |

Problem 5B.1 | Solution: Average flow velocity in turbulent tube flow | Problem 6A.3 | Solution: Flow rate for a given pressure drop |

Problem 5B.2 | Solution: Mass flow rate in a turbulent circular jet | Problem 6A.4 | Solution: Motion of a sphere in a liquid |

Problem 5B.3 | Solution: The eddy viscosity expression in the viscous sublayer | Problem 6A.5 | Solution: Sphere diameter for a given terminal velocity |

Problem 5C.1 | Solution: Two-dimensional turbulent jet | Problem 6A.6 | Solution: Estimation of void fraction of a packed column |

Problem 5C.2 | Solution: Axial turbulent flow in an annulus | Problem 6A.7 | Solution: Estimation of pressure drops in annular flow |

Problem 5C.3 | Solution: Instability in a simple mechanical system | Problem 6A.8 | Solution: Force on a water tower in a gale |

Problem 5D.1 | Solution: Derivation of the equation of change for the Reynolds stresses | Problem 6A.9 | Solution: Flow of gas through a packed column |

Problem 5D.2 | Solution: Kinetic energy of turbulence | Problem 6A.10 | Solution: Determination of pipe diameter |

Problem 6A.10 | Solution: Determination of pipe diameter | |

Problem 6B.1 | Solution: Effect of error in friction factor calculations | |

Problem 6B.2 | Solution: Friction factor for flow along a flat plate | |

Problem 6B.3 | Solution: Friction factor for laminar flow in a slit | |

Problem 6B.4 | Solution: Friction factor for a rotating disk | |

Problem 6B.5 | Solution: Turbulent flow in horizontal pipes | |

Problem 6B.6 | Solution: Inadequacy of mean hydraulic radius for laminar flow | |

Problem 6B.7 | Solution: Falling sphere in Newton's drag-law region | |

Problem 6B.8 | Solution: Design of an experiment to verify the f vs. Re chart for spheres | |

Problem 6B.9 | Solution: Friction factor for flow past an infinite cylinder | |

Problem 6C.1 | Solution: Two-dimensional particle trajectories | |

Problem 6C.2 | Solution: Wall effects for a sphere falling in a cylinder | |

Problem 6C.3 | Solution: Power input to an agitated tank | |

Problem 6D.1 | Solution: Friction factor for a bubble in a clean liquid |

Chapter 7 | Chapter 8 |
---|---|

Problem 7A.1 | Solution: Pressure rise in a sudden enlargement | Problem 8A.1 | Solution: Flow of a polyisoprene solution in a pipe |

Problem 7A.2 | Solution: Pumping a hydrochloric acid solution | Problem 8A.2 | Solution: Pumping of a polyethylene oxide solution |

Problem 7A.3 | Solution: Compressible gas flow in a cylindrical pipe | Problem 8B.1 | Solution: Flow of a polymeric film |

Problem 7A.4 | Solution: Incompressible flow in an annulus | Problem 8B.2 | Solution: Power law flow in a narrow slit |

Problem 7A.5 | Solution: Force on a U-bend | Problem 8B.3 | Solution: Non-Newtonian flow in an annulus |

Problem 7A.6 | Solution: Flow-rate calculation | Problem 8B.4 | Solution: Flow of a polymeric liquid in a tapered tube |

Problem 7A.7 | Solution: Evaluation of various velocity averages from Pitot tube data | Problem 8B.5 | Solution: Slit flow of a Bingham fluid |

Problem 7B.1 | Solution: Velocity averages from the 1/7 power law | Problem 8B.6 | Solution: Derivation of the Buckingham-Reiner equation |

Problem 7B.2 | Solution: Relation between force and viscous loss for flow in conduits of variable cross section | Problem 8B.7 | Solution: The complex-viscosity components for the Jeffreys fluid |

Problem 7B.3 | Solution: Flow through a sudden enlargement | Problem 8B.8 | Solution: Stress relaxation after cessation of shear flow |

Problem 7B.4 | Solution: Flow between two tanks | Problem 8B.9 | Solution: Draining of a tank with an exit pipe |

Problem 7B.5 | Solution: Revised design of an air duct | Problem 8B.10 | Solution: The Giesekus model |

Problem 7B.6 | Solution: Multiple discharge into a common conduit | Problem 8C.1 | Solution: The cone-and-plate viscometer |

Problem 7B.7 | Solution: Inventory variations in a gas reservoir | Problem 8C.2 | Solution: Squeezing flow between parallel disks |

Problem 7B.8 | Solution: Change in liquid height with time | Problem 8C.3 | Solution: Verification of Giesekus viscosity function |

Problem 7B.9 | Solution: Draining of a cylindrical tank with exit pipe | Problem 8C.4 | Solution: Tube Flow for the Oldroyd 6-Constant Model |

Problem 7B.10 | Solution: Efflux time for draining a conical tank | Problem 8C.5 | Solution: Chain Models with Rigid-Rod Connectors |

Problem 7B.11 | Solution: Disintegration of wood chips | |

Problem 7B.12 | Solution: Criterion for vapor-free flow in a pipeline | |

Problem 7C.1 | Solution: End corrections in tube viscometers | |

Problem 7D.1 | Solution: Derivation of the macroscopic balances from the equations of change |

Chapter 9 | Chapter 10 |
---|---|

Problem 9A.1 | Solution: Prediction of thermal conductivities of gases at low density | Problem 10A.1 | Solution: Heat loss from an insulated pipe |

Problem 9A.2 | Solution: Computation of the Prandtl numbers for gases at low density | Problem 10A.2 | Solution: Heat loss from a rectangular fin |

Problem 9A.3 | Solution: Estimation of the thermal conductivity of a dense gas | Problem 10A.3 | Solution: Maximum temperature in a lubricant |

Problem 9A.4 | Solution: Prediction of the thermal conductivity of a gas mixture | Problem 10A.4 | Solution: Current-carrying capacity of a wire |

Problem 9A.5 | Solution: Estimation of the thermal conductivity of a pure liquid | Problem 10A.5 | Solution: Free convection velocity |

Problem 9A.6 | Solution: Calculation of the Lorenz number | Problem 10A.6 | Solution: Insulating power of a wall |

Problem 9A.7 | Solution: Corroboration of the Wiedemann-Franz-Lorenz law | Problem 10A.7 | Solution: Viscous heating in a ball-point pen |

Problem 9A.8 | Solution: Thermal conductivity and Prandtl number of a polyatomic gas | Problem 10B.1 | Solution: Heat conduction from a sphere to a stagnant fluid |

Problem 9A.9 | Solution: Thermal conductivity of gaseous chlorine | Problem 10B.2 | Solution: Viscous heating in slit flow |

Problem 9A.10 | Solution: Thermal conductivity of chlorine-air mixtures | Problem 10B.3 | Solution: Heat conduction in a nuclear fuel rod assembly |

Problem 9A.11 | Solution: Thermal conductivity of quartz sand | Problem 10B.4 | Solution: Heat conduction in an annulus |

Problem 9A.12 | Solution: Calculation of molecular diameters from transport properties | Problem 10B.5 | Solution: Viscous heat generation in a polymer melt |

Problem 9C.1 | Solution: Enskog theory for dense gases | Problem 10B.6 | Solution: Insulation thickness for a furnace wall |

Problem 10B.7 | Solution: Forced-convection heat transfer in flow between parallel plates | |

Problem 10B.8 | Solution: Electrical heating of a pipe | |

Problem 10B.9 | Solution: Plug flow with forced-convection heat transfer | |

Problem 10B.10 | Solution: Free convection in an annulus of finite height | |

Problem 10B.11 | Solution: Free convection with temperature-dependent viscosity | |

Problem 10B.12 | Solution: Heat conduction with temperature-dependent thermal conductivity | |

Problem 10B.13 | Solution: Flow reactor with exponentially temperature-dependent source | |

Problem 10B.14 | Solution: Evaporation loss from an oxygen tank | |

Problem 10B.15 | Solution: Radial temperature gradients in an annular chemical reactor | |

Problem 10B.16 | Solution: Temperature distribution in a hot-wire anemometer | |

Problem 10B.17 | Solution: Non-Newtonian flow with forced-convection heat transfer | |

Problem 10B.18 | Solution: Reactor temperature profiles with axial heat flux | |

Problem 10C.1 | Solution: Heating of an electric wire with temperature-dependent electrical and thermal conductivity | |

Problem 10C.2 | Solution: Viscous heating with temperature-dependent viscosity and thermal conductivity | |

Problem 10C.3 | Solution: Viscous heating in a cone-and-plate viscometer | |

Problem 10D.1 | Solution: Heat loss from a circular fin | |

Problem 10D.2 | Solution: Duct flow with constant wall heat flux and arbitrary velocity distribution |

Chapter 11 | Chapter 12 |
---|---|

Problem 11A.1 | Solution: Temperature in a friction bearing | Problem 12A.1 | Solution: Unsteady-state heat conduction in an iron sphere |

Problem 11A.2 | Solution: Viscosity variation and velocity gradients in a nonisothermal film | Problem 12A.2 | Solution: Comparison of the two slab solutions for short times |

Problem 11A.3 | Solution: Transpiration cooling | Problem 12A.3 | Solution: Bonding with a thermosetting adhesive |

Problem 11A.4 | Solution: Free-convection heat loss from a vertical surface | Problem 12A.4 | Solution: Quenching of a steel billet |

Problem 11A.5 | Solution: Velocity, temperature, and pressure changes in a shock wave | Problem 12A.5 | Solution: Measurement of thermal diffusivity from amplitude of temperature oscillations |

Problem 11A.6 | Solution: Adiabatic frictionless compression of an ideal gas | Problem 12A.6 | Solution: Forced convection from a sphere in creeping flow |

Problem 11A.7 | Solution: Effect of free convection on the insulating value of a horizontal air space | Problem 12B.1 | Solution: Measurement of thermal diffusivity in an unsteady-state experiment |

Problem 11B.1 | Solution: Adiabatic frictionless processes in an ideal gas | Problem 12B.2 | Solution: Two-dimensional forced convection with a line heat source |

Problem 11B.2 | Solution: Viscous heating in laminar tube flow (asymptotic solutions) | Problem 12B.3 | Solution: Heating of a wall (constant wall heat flux) |

Problem 11B.3 | Solution: Velocity distribution in a nonisothermal film | Problem 12B.4 | Solution: Heat transfer from a wall to a falling film (short contact time limit) |

Problem 11B.4 | Solution: Heat conduction in a spherical shell | Problem 12B.5 | Solution: Temperature in a slab with heat production |

Problem 11B.5 | Solution: Axial heat conduction in a wire | Problem 12B.6 | Solution: Forced convection in slow flow across a cylinder |

Problem 11B.6 | Solution: Transpiration cooling in a planar system | Problem 12B.7 | Solution: Timetable for roasting turkey |

Problem 11B.7 | Solution: Reduction of evaporation losses by transpiration | Problem 12B.8 | Solution: Use of asymptotic boundary layer solution |

Problem 11B.8 | Solution: Temperature distribution in an embedded sphere | Problem 12B.9 | Solution: Non-Newtonian heat transfer with constant wall heat flux (asymptotic solution for small axial distances) |

Problem 11B.9 | Solution: Heat flow in a solid bounded by two conical surfaces | Problem 12C.1 | Solution: Product solutions for unsteady heat conduction in solids |

Problem 11B.10 | Solution: Freezing of a spherical drop | Problem 12C.2 | Solution: Heating of a semi-infinite slab with variable thermal conductivity |

Problem 11B.11 | Solution: Temperature rise in a spherical catalyst pellet | Problem 12C.3 | Solution: Heat conduction with phase change (the Neumann-Stefan problem |

Problem 11B.12 | Solution: Stability of an exothermic reaction system | Problem 12C.4 | Solution: Viscous heating in oscillatory flow |

Problem 11B.13 | Solution: Laminar annular flow with constant wall heat flux | Problem 12C.5 | Solution: Solar heat penetration |

Problem 11B.14 | Solution: Unsteady-state heating of a sphere | Problem 12C.6 | Solution: Heat transfer in a falling non-Newtonian film |

Problem 11B.15 | Solution: Dimensionless variables for free convection | Problem 12D.1 | Solution: Unsteady-state heating of a slab (Laplace transform method) |

Problem 11C.1 | Solution: The speed of propagation of sound waves | Problem 12D.2 | Solution: The Graetz-Nusselt problem |

Problem 11C.2 | Solution: Free convection in a slot | Problem 12D.3 | Solution: The Graetz-Nusselt problem (asymptotic solution for large z) |

Problem 11C.3 | Solution: Tangential annular flow of a highly viscous liquid | Problem 12D.4 | Solution: The Graetz-Nusselt problem (asymptotic solution for small z) |

Problem 11C.4 | Solution: Heat conduction with variable thermal conductivity | Problem 12D.5 | Solution: The Graetz problem for flow between parallel plates |

Problem 11C.5 | Solution: Effective thermal conductivity of a solid with spherical inclusions | Problem 12D.6 | Solution: The constant wall heat flux problem for parallel plates |

Problem 11C.6 | Solution: Interfacial boundary conditions | Problem 12D.7 | Solution: Asymptotic solution for small z for laminar tube flow with constant heat flux |

Problem 11C.7 | Solution: Effect of surface-tension gradients on a falling film | Problem 12D.8 | Solution: Forced conduction heat transfer from a flat plate (thermal boundary layer extends beyond the momentum boundary layer) |

Problem 11D.1 | Solution: Equation of change for entropy | |

Problem 11D.2 | Solution: Viscous heating in laminar tube flow | |

Problem 11D.3 | Solution: Derivation of the energy equation using integral theorems |